Tc hdl cholesterol ratio

Tc hdl cholesterol ratio

Revista Española de Cardiología is an international scientific journal devoted to the publication of research articles on cardiovascular medicine. The journal, published sinceis the official publication of the Spanish Tc hdl cholesterol ratio of Cardiology and founder of the REC Publications journal family. Articles are personalny dieta Trener in both English an Spanish in its electronic edition. The Impact Factor measures the average number of citations received in a particular year Tc hdl cholesterol ratio papers published in the journal during the two receding years. CiteScore measures average citations received Tc hdl cholesterol ratio document published. Read more. SRJ is a prestige metric based on the idea that not all citations are the same. SJR uses a similar algorithm as the Google page rank; it provides a quantitative and qualitative measure of the journal's impact. SNIP measures contextual citation impact by wighting citations based on Tc hdl cholesterol ratio total number of citations in a subject field. In Spain, various SCORE tables are available to estimate cardiovascular risk: tables for low-risk countries, tables calibrated for the Spanish population, and tables that include high-density lipoprotein values. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of using one or another SCORE table in clinical practice. In a cross-sectional study carried out in two primary health care centers, individuals aged 40 to 65 years in whom blood pressure and total cholesterol levels were recorded between March and March were selected. Patients with diabetes or a history of cardiovascular disease Tc hdl cholesterol ratio excluded.

La combinación de estos valores ayuda a descubrir su Tc hdl cholesterol ratio de enfermedad coronaria y ataque cerebral. La American Heart Association Asociación Americana del Corazón recomienda que todos los adultos mayores de 20 años se realicen un perfil de lípidos una vez cada cinco años.

Le pueden realizar esta prueba como parte de su chequeo médico regular. Es posible que su médico también le pida otras pruebas para detectar otros factores de riesgo de enfermedad Tc hdl cholesterol ratio.

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Muchos aspectos pueden afectar los resultados de sus pruebas de laboratorio. Tc hdl cholesterol ratio heart disease global picture. Tc hdl cholesterol ratio ; Comparison of effects of dietary saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fatty acids on plasma lipids and lipoproteins in man. J Lipid Res ; The diet and 15 years death rate in the seven countries. Am J Epidemiol ; Fatty acid saturation of the diet and plasma lipid Tc hdl cholesterol ratio, lipoprotein particle concentrations, and cholesterol efflux capacity.

Am J Clin Nutr ; Effect of dietary fatty acids on serum lipids and lipoproteins.

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Learn more here meta-analysis of 27 trials. Arterioscler Thromb ; Individual fatty acid effects on plasma lipids and lipoproteins: human studies. Am J Clin Nutr ; 65 5 Supl. Dietary exchange of an olive oil and sunflower oil blend for extra virgin olive oil decreases the estimate Tc hdl cholesterol ratio risk and LDL and apolipoprotein AII concentrations in postmenopausal women.

J Am Coll Nutr ; Methodology of nutritional surveillance. Guidelines for the Management of Tc hdl cholesterol ratio. Guidelines Subcommittee. Clin Chem ; Estimation of the concentration of low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol in plasma without use of preparative ultracentrifugation. National Cholesterol Education Program. Consellería de Sanidade, Carrefour, Galicia, Tablas de composición de alimentos. Aranceta J. Objetivos Nutricionales y Guías Dietéticas. Prediction of serum-cholesterol responses of Tc hdl cholesterol ratio to changes in fats in the diet.

Lancet ; Dietary patterns in middle-aged Irish men and women defined by cluster analysis. Public Health Nutr ; 7: Implications of the obesity epidemic for statin therapy: Tc hdl cholesterol ratio cholesterol metabolism to a high synthesis and low dietary absorption state. Alcohol consumption, cardiovascular health, and endothelial function markers. Alcohol ; Effects of alcohol and Tc hdl cholesterol ratio on lipid metabolism and hepatic function. Ann Int Med ; Search Advanced.

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Tc hdl cholesterol ratio

Rev Esp Cardiol, 60pp. Perk, G. De Backer, H. Gohlke, I. Graham, Z. Reiner, M. Verschuren, et al. European Guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice version Eur Heart Tc hdl cholesterol ratio, 33pp.

Lobos, M. Royo-Bordonada, C.

Tc hdl cholesterol ratio

Brotons, L. Armario, A. Maiques, et al. Rev Esp Salud Publica, 82pp. Royo-Bordonada, J. Lobos Bejarano, F. Tc hdl cholesterol ratio Alvarez, S. Peréz, J. The interactive tool for predicting and managing the risk of heart attack and stroke [Internet]. European Society of Cardiology [accessed Jun 8].

Cooney, A. Dudina, D. De Bacquer, A. Fitzgerald, R. Conroy, S. Tc hdl cholesterol ratio, et al. How much does HDL cholesterol add to risk estimation?. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil, 16pp. Multiple imputation of missing values: update of ice. Cuende, N. Cuende, J. Eur Heart J, 31pp. Brotons Cuixart. Mejoremos la predicción del riesgo coronario en España. Grau, J. Prevención cardiovascular II. Funciones de riesgo en la prevención source de las enfermedades cardiovasculares.

Tc hdl cholesterol ratio Esp Cardiol, 61pp. Lobos, C. Brotons, F.

Villar, C. De Pablo, P. Armario, et al. El estado de la prevención cardiovascular en España. Med Clin Barc. Buitrago, L. Cañón-Barroso, N. Díaz-Herrera, E. Crices-Muro, M. Escobar-Fernandez, J. Antón Garcia, M. Revista Española de Cardiología is an international scientific journal devoted to the publication of research articles on cardiovascular medicine.

The journal, published sinceis the official publication of the Spanish Society of Cardiology and founder of the REC Publications journal family. Articles are published in both English an Spanish in its electronic edition. The Impact Factor measures the average number of citations received in a particular year by papers published in the journal during the two receding years.

CiteScore measures average citations received per document published. Read more. SRJ is a prestige metric based on the idea that not all citations are the same.

Tc hdl cholesterol ratio uses a similar algorithm as the Google page rank; it provides a Tc hdl cholesterol ratio and qualitative measure of the journal's impact. Tc hdl cholesterol ratio measures contextual citation impact by wighting citations based on the total number of citations in a subject field.

In Spain, various SCORE tables are available to estimate cardiovascular risk: tables for low-risk countries, Tc hdl cholesterol ratio calibrated for the Spanish population, and tables that include high-density lipoprotein values. The aim of this study is to assess the Tc hdl cholesterol ratio go here using one or another SCORE table in clinical practice.

Tc hdl cholesterol ratio

In a cross-sectional study carried out in two primary health care centers, individuals aged 40 to 65 years in whom blood pressure and total cholesterol levels were recorded between March and March were selected.

Patients with diabetes or a history of cardiovascular Tc hdl cholesterol ratio were excluded. Cardiovascular risk was estimated in patients. Tc hdl cholesterol ratio

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The percentage of patients at high or click the following article Tc hdl cholesterol ratio risk was 1. Treatment with lipid-lowering drugs would be recommended in Therefore, its use would imply treating more patients with lipid-lowering medication. Estudio transversal realizado en dos centros de salud.

Se excluyó a los sujetos con antecedente de diabetes mellitus o enfermedad cardiovascular. Se calculó el riesgo cardiovascular a 3.

Cardiovascular risk establishes the likelihood of experiencing a cardiovascular event within a specific time period, generally 5 or 10 years. The term Tc hdl cholesterol ratio event refers to ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and peripheral artery disease. Cardiovascular risk estimation is of considerable clinical interest because it enables more effective assessment of the need to start lipid-lowering treatment or antihypertensive therapy in patients who have not had a cardiovascular event; that is, for Tc hdl cholesterol ratio prevention.

The method classically used and still in use to calculate cardiovascular risk involves the estimations provided by the Framingham study. Based Tc hdl cholesterol ratio European cohort studies, SCORE project 6 project was developed, from which tables were derived for high-risk and low-risk countries among the latter, Spain and tables were Tc hdl cholesterol ratio including total Tc hdl cholesterol ratio TC and the ratio of TC to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol HDL-C.

The SCORE tables estimate the risk of cardiovascular death; that is, the year probability of experiencing fatal coronary and noncoronary cardiovascular disease. They do not include other Tc hdl cholesterol ratio, such as whether the patient is under treatment with antihypertensive medication or lipid-lowering drugs. Later on, the SCORE risk table calibrated for Spain was reported, which uses the mean risk factor levels by sex and 5-year age groups, and the specific cardiovascular mortality rates in Tc hdl cholesterol ratio.

One important innovation in these new guidelines is inclusion of the concept of vascular age, which is closely related to cardiovascular risk, as a new tool to motivate patients to change learn more here lifestyle. In the reclassification analysis, however, it was found that HDL-C was useful in women in high-risk countries and in individuals with very high Tc hdl cholesterol ratio very low HDL-C levels. A secondary aim was to analyze the vascular age of the study population overall and by sex, and to assess the impact of risk factors on vascular Tc hdl cholesterol ratio.

This is a cross-sectional study using information from the databases of two primary care centers in the metropolitan area of Barcelona Spainwhich have a catchment population of 75 inhabitants. The two centers both use the same type of electronic medical record. We selected all men and women between 40 and 65 years of age for whom the results of at least one SBP and one TC study Tc hdl cholesterol ratio been recorded between 1 March and 31 March We excluded subjects with a history of diabetes mellitus, acute myocardial infarction, ischemic heart disease, stroke, or peripheral artery disease.

The classic risk function was calculated applying the original formula 6 and using the STATA program version 9. Tc hdl cholesterol ratio the risk calculation, former smokers nonsmokers of more than 1 year and those for whom this information was missing were considered nonsmokers. The current HDL-C level had not been recorded in Tc hdl cholesterol ratio results of these data sets were combined following Rubin's rules. Analyses were carried out separately and in combination.

Based on the risk estimates obtained with the 3 tables, we calculated the percentage of patients who met the therapeutic goals and were receiving lipid-lowering therapy. When LDL-C level was not available Vascular age was calculated with Tc hdl cholesterol ratio tables designed by Cuende et al.

To estimate the vascular age of a patient, his or her cardiovascular risk is first calculated according to age, sex, presence of risk factors, and the SBP and TC values. In the comparison of the study variables between men and women, the Student t test for independent data was used for continuous variables and the chi-square test for categorical variables.

The mean calculated risk values obtained with the different SCORE tables were compared using analysis of variance for Tc hdl cholesterol ratio measures, whereas the percentages of high-risk patients were compared using symmetry and marginal homogeneity testing.

Multiple linear regression analysis was applied as a predictive model of vascular age, which was used as the dependent variable, and the variables for calculating cardiovascular risk were considered independent smoking, SBP, TC.

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Two different models were developed, one for men Tc hdl cholesterol ratio another for women. At the time of writing, 24 individuals aged 40 to 65 years were assigned to the 2 participating health centers The mean age of the patients seen was Furthermore, Calculation of cardiovascular risk was possible in only In patients, HDL-C values were not available, and imputations were calculated Tc hdl cholesterol ratio to the procedure described above.

The general characteristics of the patients evaluated are described in Table 1. Flow chart of the study. SBP, systolic blood pressure; TC, total cholesterol. General Characteristics of the Patients Evaluated.

Values are expressed as no. Missing values replaced by combined imputed values. HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. In general, most patients were categorized as not being at high risk, although there were differences according to the calculation method used Figures 3—5 show source percentages of Tc hdl cholesterol ratio at high or very high risk according to the Tc hdl cholesterol ratio scales, those who reached or did not reach the LDL-C therapeutic goals, and among the latter, how many were receiving statins treatment.

Theoretically, 3. Patients at high or very high risk classified by the SCORE for low-risk countries, according to whether or not they reach the therapeutic goals for cholesterol and whether or not they are receiving lipid-lowering Tc hdl cholesterol ratio. Patients at high or very high risk classified Tc hdl cholesterol ratio the calibrated SCORE according to visit web page or not they reach the therapeutic goals for cholesterol and whether or not Tc hdl cholesterol ratio are receiving lipid-lowering drugs.

Patients at high or very high risk classified by the SCORE with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol according to whether or not they reach the therapeutic goals for cholesterol and whether or not they are receiving lipid-lowering drugs. The vascular age of the total population and the vascular age by sex are shown in Table 3.

The results of the separate multiple linear regression models for men and women are shown in Table 4. Smoking was the strongest predictor of vascular age: elimination of smoking while maintaining the status of the remaining variables would reduce the vascular age by 7 years in men and 5 years in women. Over the last decade, cardiovascular risk estimation has become a cornerstone of clinical practice guidelines for cardiovascular article source prevention in the comprehensive management of cardiovascular risk factors Tc hdl cholesterol ratio clinical practice.

The choice of risk table to use for this purpose has been the subject of Tc hdl cholesterol ratio and debate. According to a survey recently conducted in various health administrations in Spain, 18 SCORE is the recommended table in 9 autonomous communities, followed by REGICOR in 3 communities, and the classic Framingham score in another 3 2 autonomous communities did Tc hdl cholesterol ratio respond.

In our study, the percentage of patients at high or very high risk according to the SCORE for low-risk countries was substantially lower 4. Of note, use of SCORE would exclude a relevant percentage of high-risk patients more info to Framingham from lipid-lowering therapy.

The percentage of patients at high or very high risk in that study was similar to the value in ours. The SCORE tables have been calibrated in 7 European countries, including Spain, which theoretically would Tc hdl cholesterol ratio them the most highly recommendable tables for use in these countries.

However, no studies to date have focussed on comparing the outcome of applying the calibrated tables. These differences are mainly due to the fact that the percentage of patients at high and very high risk differs depending on which table is used: 1.

It is very likely that LDL-C control in primary and Tc hdl cholesterol ratio prevention of cardiovascular disease is influenced as much by treating or not with statins as by therapeutic inertia. For the present study we performed automated calculations using the tables designed by Cuende et al. In analyzing the predictors of vascular age, smoking Tc hdl cholesterol ratio the greatest influence in both men and women.

There are several possible explanations. These parameters may not have been recorded even though patients were seen source the center during this period; the data may have been recorded inappropriately for data Tc hdl cholesterol ratio, or the information was not recorded because patients had not come to the center during the two-year period. Thus, this was a younger population that generally uses primary case centers less often.

Panel de lípidos con colesterol total: Proporción de HDL

Another limitation of the study is that it was Tc hdl cholesterol ratio in the population attended in health centers, and we cannot know whether the results observed can be extrapolated to the general population.

The variables SBP and TC were collected retrospectively and the quality of the determinations cannot be assured, although the physicians used them to make their clinical decisions. We believe, however, that our approach was reasonable and that it did not affect the results. In primary care visits, patients are routinely questioned about whether they smoke, and physicians mainly record a smoking habit, and nonsmoking is not recorded as often. In any case, assuming the worst-case scenario that all patients without data on smoking were actually smokers read more highly improbable situationthe general risk according to the SCORE tables for low-risk countries would increase from 1.

Tc hdl cholesterol ratio studies of these tables are needed to determine Tc hdl cholesterol ratio of them is the most suitable for use in clinical practice in our setting. Smoking is the risk factor with the greatest impact on vascular age. Home Articles in press Current Issue Archive. Revista Española de Cardiología English Edition. ISSN: Previous article Next article. Issue 2. Pages February here Léalo en Tc hdl cholesterol ratio.

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